Short Message Service
Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, World Wide Web, and mobile telephony systems.It uses standardized communication protocols to enable fixedline/landline or mobile phone devices to exchange short text messages.SMS was the most widely used data application, with an estimated 3.5 billion active users, or about 80% of all mobile phone subscribers, at the end of 2010.sms ringtones, as used on modern handsets, originated from radio telegraphy in radio memo pagers that used standardized phone protocols.
These were defined in 1985 as part of the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) series of standards.message ringtones for The protocols allowed users to send and receive messages of up to 160 alpha-numeric characters to and from GSM mobile handsets. Though most SMS messages are mobile-to-mobile text messages, support for the service has expanded to include other mobile technologies, such as ANSI CDMA networks and Digital AMPS, as well as satellite and landline networks.
SMS is also employed in mobile marketing, a type of direct marketing.According to one market research report, as of 2014, the global SMS messaging business was estimated to be worth over $100 billion, accounting for almost 50 percent of all the revenue generated by mobile messaging.message ringtone.
The Mobile Application Part (MAP) of the SS7 protocol included support for the transport of Short Messages through the Core Network from its inception.MAP Phase 2 expanded support for SMS by introducing a separate operation code for Mobile Terminated Short Message transport.Since Phase 2, there have been no changes to the Short Message operation packages in MAP, although other operation packages have been enhanced to support CAMEL SMS control.
The first SMS message was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group (now Mavenir Systems) using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset. The text of the message was "Merry Christmas."
The first commercial deployment of a short message service center (SMSC) was by Aldiscon part of Logica (now part of Acision) with Telia (now TeliaSonera) in Sweden in 1993,followed by Fleet Call (now Nextel)in the US, Telenor in Norway and BT Cellnet (now O2 UK) later in 1993. All first installations of SMS gateways were for network notifications sent to mobile phones, usually to inform of voice mail messages.